September 29, 2023

Euripides views P2001 power station and authority as being paramount, and their importance is expressed in a variety of ways. The character of Dionysus’s relationship to power and authority is one of longing to demonstrate it, or show it off; whereas Pentheus’s attitude toward power and authority is one of exploitation and desire.

Dionysus’s attitude toward power and authority is one of longing for recognition. He simply wants to let everyone know how powerful he really is. Dionysus said, ” Now I’ve come to Thebes, city of Greeks, only after I’ve set those eastern lands dancing in the mysteries I established making known to men my own divinity.” In this quote, Dionysus verbalizes his attraction to and his desire for power through his plans to make “known to men my [his] own divinity.” He simply wants to demonstrate his influence over everyone with his power.

Dionysus said, “For this neglect I’ll demonstrate to him, to all in Thebes, that I was born a God.” Dionysus’s further desire to reveal himself as a god demonstrates his obvious desire for the power and authority that is associated with godliness. Dionysus said, “I saw him [Zeus]-he saw me. He gave me the sacred rituals.” In this quote, Dionysus goes out of his way to associate himself with Zeus, the most powerful of all gods in order to bolster himself and to lend authority to his arguments. This is yet another example of Dionysus’s desire to demonstrate his power and authority.

Pentheus’s attitude toward power and authority is one of exploitation and desire. Pentheus says, “Once I’ve clamped them all in iron fetters, I’ll quickly end this perverse nastiness, this Bacchic celebration.” Pentheus’s desire to clamp “them all in iron fetters” shows a certain desire for power in an exploitative fashion because of his yearning to demonstrate his power over others by having them all imprisoned. Pentheus says.

He’ll make no more clatter with his thyrsus, or wave his hair around. I’ll chop off his head. slice it right from his body.” Pentheus’s vow to behead Dionysus shows his desire to exploit his power because he really has no grounds for executing Dionysus other than making clatter with his thyrsus and waving his hair around. Pentheus says, “But I’m more powerful than you, so I’ll have you put in chains.” Pentheus’s resort to his power and his threat to use that power to put Dionysus in chains reflects a blatant exploitation of his authority because the mere fact that he would threaten to put someone in chains for disagreeing with them is a blatant abuse of power.

Both Dionysus and Pentheus’s desire and longing to have power and demonstrate that power proves that Euripides believes power to be paramount. He thinks that power is something that should be coveted. He believes that power is also something that should not be trifled with. Euripides says that above all else, higher power must be respected. He thinks that a desire for power is natural. He believes that a desire for power should not prevent anyone from remembering their place. Euripides says that above all, power is all that matters.

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